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Thermal engineering

What is thermal Engineering?

Thermal refers to heat, Thermal engineering would deal with how heat affects various systems and their properties.

It is a branch of science that is related to Thermal energy production. And it has following subjects,

  • Advance Fluid mechanics
  • Advance heat transfer
  • Power plant
  • Turbines and pumps
  • Boiler and auxiliaries
  • CFD

thermal engineering is a specialized sub-discipline in mechanical engineering that deals with the movement of heat energy and transfer.

Whereas, the energy can be transferred between two mediums or the energy can be converted into another form of energy.

Thermodynamics is a branch of science that deals with energy production, storage, transfer, and conversion.

This study of thermal engineering is mainly focused on energy transformation.

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thermal engineering
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Specialized field of thermal engineering involves

  • Thermal system design engineering
  • Thermodynamics and Combustion engineering
  • Refrigeration and Air conditioning
  • Thermal science and energy systems
  • Thermal stystem and turbomachines
  • Heat transfer and Thermal power
  • I.C. Engines
  • Hydro-turbomachines
  • Role of Thermal Engineer

    • They design and construct systems for heating and cooling
    • To pay attention to every aspect of heat generation and its solution in the electronic systems
    • Design and analyze project reports
    • Develop and test spacecraft, thermal control systems, etc.
    role of thermal engineering

    Topmost engineering colleges offer courses in Thermal engineering as follows:

    thermal engineering colleges
  • National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra
  • National Institute of Technology, Raipur
  • National Institute of Technology, Rorkela
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  • Amity University, Gurgaon
  • BITS Pilani
  • Job types:

  • Chief design engineer- Thermal layout
  • Safety engineer- Thermal systems
  • Design manager- thermal
  • Project engineer- Solar thermal power plant
  • Lead engineer- Generator designing
  • Piping designer-
  • Maintenance engineer-
  • Thermography programme manager-
  • Stress/ Finite element analyst-
  • Boiler Thermal performance engineer-
  • Maintenance engineer-
  • scope of thermal engineering

    Applications of thermal engineering and thermal energy

    application of thermal engineering

    Productive usages of thermal energy encompass drying, cooking,heating, baking,smoking, water heating, and manufacturing. Novel and effective technologies occur that significantlydecrease the amount of biomass required for fuel. There are thermal energy technologies that feature solar energy that is greatly cleaner and more sustainable. And some more advantages include,

    • The fuel used is quite cheap
    • Less initial cost while comparing with other generating plants
    • It can be installed at any place irrespective of the existence of the coal
    • The coal can be transported to the sites of the plant by rail or road.
    • It needs less space while compared with Hydropower plants.
    • The cost of generation is less than that of diesel power plants


    The heat was not correctlyknownas a form of energy until about 1798, when Count Rumford, a British MilitaryEngineer observed that unlimitedamounts of heat can be made in the boring of cannon barrels and that the amount of heat createdis proportional to the work done in turning a blunt boring tool. Rumford’s observation of the proportionality between heat producedand work done lies at the basis of thermodynamics. Another pioneer was the French military engineer Sadi Carnot, who introduced the heat-engine cycle concept and the principle of reversibility in 1824.

    Ongoing researches in Thermal engineering

    Some groups of scientists are conducting analytical, computational, and experimental research on a wide range of problems involving thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer, and more.

    Currently, the research involves in,

  • Microelectronics heat transfer
  • Greener production
  • Emerging energy
  • Alternative fuels
  • Fuel cell and green energy
  • Conduction, convection, and radiation
  • Green energy, and pollution control research.
  • research in thermal engineering
    advantages of thermal engineering
    • Thermal power stations require less initial amount while comparing with the hydro-electric generating station.
    • Thermal power stations requireless space as compared with others
    • The fuel cost is less
    • A higher amount of power can be generated
    • The cost of generation is less as compared with the diesel power station.
    • It pollutes the atmosphere because of the production of large amounts of smoke and fumes.
    • It is costlier in running cost as compared with the hydroelectric plants.
    • Skilled and well-trained persons are needed for erecting and maintaining the power station
    • The requirement of land is high for storing coal and ash.

    The future role of thermal engineering

    • There is an enormous scope available for thermal engineering
    • Any system that deals with temperature require a thermal engineer for designing such things.
    • There is a huge range of job opportunities in thermal power plants, hydroelectric power plants, etc.
    • There is immense scope for both theoretical and practical work of thermal engineering
    • The below-mentioned fields are the best fields in Thermal engineering where growth will behigherfor the next few decades, such as electronic system cooling, cooling for batteries used in EVs. Propulsion systems for space applications, Hydrogen fuelled power plants including fuel cells, large-scale energy storage applications, Air purification techniques.