PhD research methodology

PhD research methodology is a vital portion of the PhD research, and it is necessary to give details on by what way you will carry out the research and the method of data collection and analysis procedures you will use. Research Methodology which includes,

  • A research framework including philosophies, statement, hypothesis, methods, procedures, and methods used to augment the consistency and validity of the research and philosophical orientation of the research.
  • PhD research methodology is the justification for choosing PhD research methodology and it reveals the consideration and limitations of the research methodology.

We have given a brief details about the following topics

  • Concept research methodology
  • Research methodology notes for PhD students
  • Research methodology syllabus for PhD
  • Research methodology MCQ for PhD entrance exam

Research methodology notes for PhD students

  • Introduction
  • Aim of the study
  • Scope and period
  • Method of study
  • Data processing
  • Limitation of the research study

In a large country like India, it is usual to have a great and huge system of higher education with a great number of universities and colleges. The number of PhD students looking for University registration for higher education has increased manifold and will continue to increase. So in your PhD research methodology should contain the following steps.

  • Concept of the research methodology, Objectives and purpose of the research and the types of the research
  • Qualities of Researcher
  • Importance of the research
  • Process of research
  • Problem of research
  • Features, methods, importance, characteristics, concepts, and types of research design
  • Research case study
  • Hypothesis and it’s testing
  • Sample survey and sampling procedure.
phd research methodology

Concept of research and research Methodology

Research is defined as the search for acquaintance under the specific topics or specific zone. It is a scientific and methodical look for gathering data for a particular topic or problem. It is also recognized as the art of scientific examination or study. There are numerous social scientists have explained the terms of research in various ways.

Research methodology is a specific procedure or technique used to recognize, choose, progress, and investigate information about a topic. The methodology part of the research paper should give a clear detail about the validity and reliability of the research for the readers.

Types of research methodology

Usually, research methods can be broadly classified into two categories. They are applied research methodology and fundamental research methods.

Applied research methodology

In this method, new methods and hypotheses are incorporated into the existing methods and hypothesis. The problems will be identified from the point of one discipline.

Fundamental research methodology

This methodology is aims to resolve problems by the addition of the application of discipline. In this methodology, several disciplines are work together for resolving the specific issue.

Types of research methodology based on research design

On the basis of research design and the structure of research, the types of research methods can be categorized into 2 criteria and they are,

  • Exploratory research methodology
  • Conclusive research methodology

Exploratory research methodology

The exploratory research method is having the main aim of exploring the research area and in this methodology; there won’t be any attempt to present final and conclusive solutions to research questions. And also flexible investigations are given in this research methodology. This methodology won’t have information apart from the research topic and this will not involve in the testing of hypotheses.

Conclusive research methodology

Conclusive studies, on the contrary, intend to offer last and final answers to research questions. This type of methodology is well structured and designed systematically. And it is an official and perfect methodology and needs to be followed under specific testing.

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MCQ on research methodology for PhD entrance

A definite stage of workability at a certain level is known as aptitude. For University registration you must score on your entrance exams, for this all the PhD entrance exams mostly give you multiple choices of questions. Hereby, we offer you with the MCQ for law, MCQ for Microbiology, MCQ on report writing in research methodology, research aptitude MCQ, MCQ on the research process, MCQ for Engineering and technological PhD research, solved MCQ for research methodology and more.

Accept it or not, MCQ for PhD entrance exams are now universally accepted and adapted format for all the Students whoever attempting for entrance exams and with the intention of testing their IQ and knowledge in relevant to your research topics and domain. Students find this MCQ in entrance exams as confusing, difficult, and risky. Some experience that the questions are intentionally phrased and categorized and the students choose the wrong answer. Despite the fact that attending the MCQ's during the entrance exams of your PhD, students must be relaxed and attempt the test without getting nervous. Here we have given some tips to be followed while attempting the Multiple Choice Questions in your PhD entrance exams.

  • Understand the questions carefully.
  • Try to guess what the answer is before you go for the given choices.
  • If you are not sure about your answer, eliminate the unnecessary answers and try to keep in mind if any of the answers left are related to those questions or a subject. Try to recollect the word which is given in the choices and if you have never heard of a choice in your subject it is preferred to be eliminated then it is probably not the answer.
  • After eliminating all other unwanted choices and have a logical guess associated with the question. Remember, the first guess is generally more reliable unless you get a major revelation along the way.
  • If you are still confused, mark the question in which you are confused so you can get it easier later and go on with the exam. Sometimes the answer you're looking for may be specified for a different question. And you can set off that question later.
  • Never neglect the multiple-choice question blank. You have a 20-25% chance of predicting it correctly by guessing.
  • If your options are available with all of the above choice, in that situation, If 2 or more of the answers are correct, then the all-of-the-above option is the correct answer.
  • Sometimes if there are 2 options that are similar except for one word. Such a pair shows that the question is focused there. Usually you can assume the answer is one of that pair.

Research methodology syllabus for PhD

Research methodology syllabus for PhD entrance exams includes qualities of a researcher, components of a research problem, types of research, research design, case study research, merits and demerits of the research, statistical applications of the research, research ethics, logic and reasoning, structure and components of a research report, types of the research report, characteristics of a good research report, and more.

Best research methodology books for PhD

Books are your best guide. There are some great books are available written and edited by great scientists and authors. You can go through the book’s name below. And you can refer the whole book under www.educatorstechnology.com

Frequently asked questions

Research methodology is the exact and acceptable procedures or a method used for the identification, selection, processing, and analyzing information about a specific PhD research topic. In effective research paper writing, the methodology should be clearly included and also it must permit the reader to seriously assess an overall research duration and reliability.
In a PhD thesis and synopsis, a researcher has to talk about the methods, techniques and the procedure they have used to do the entire research.
  • Give details about your methodological approach.
  • Explain your methods of data collection.
  • Illustrate your methods of analysis.
The research method is a method which are used for defining the deep view about a research topic and to set up a deeper understanding about the research methods whereas, research implementation steps is a methodical approach to gather and assess the data in the research progression
The two basic research methodologies are quantitative and qualitative research. Both types have different research purposes.
Usually, qualitative research is descriptive, because it deals with non-numerical and unquantifiable things. Whereas, quantitative research methods is, qualitatively describing what happens actually, and also taking up the quantitative numerical data about the wavelength, amplitude, and frequency of various waves.
There are 3 main types of descriptive methodologies likely, observational methods, case-study methods and survey methods. And each and every method has its own advantages, and drawbacks.
Descriptive research method - review, historical, content analysis, qualitative Associational research method- correlational, causal-comparative. Interventional research method - experimental, quasi-experimental, action research.