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Pongal Festival

Pongal Festival

14-01-2022 pongal-festival

PONGAL festival is the harvest festival of Tamil Nadu that falls in the month of Thai (January-February season). This festival actually reminds the importance of natural resources.

And this festival is dedicated to the sun god and corresponds to the Makar Sankranti. In 2021, it will begin on January 14 and ends up on January 17, 2021.

What Does it Mean?

The name "Pongal" is derived from Tamil Literature and it means "To boil". Pongal Festival is a 4-day celebration affair.

Each day is marked by different festivities. The first day is called Bhogi Festival, the second day is called Thai Pongal, the third day is called Maatu Pongal, and the fourth day is known as Kaanum Pongal. It is usually celebrated based on the Hindu solar calendar and celebrated in South India, especially in Tamil Nadu. This year, Pongal will begin on January 14, 2022.


History, Significance, and Celebrations


Pongal is actually celebrated at the beginning of the Thai month based on the Tamil Solar calendar that commonly falls on January 14. Pongal actually means "to boil over or overflow” in reference to the dish that is prepared traditionally on this day. The dish actually includes a new harvest of rice, milk, and jaggery.

During this festival, cows and their horns are decorated. The festivals also include decorating houses with kolam artworks made with rice powder and banana leaves. Families will get together to decorate their homes so that it looks festive. May the heavenly taste of ven Pongal and the sweetness of sakkarai Pongal bring happiness to your life!


1. The First day of Pongal or Bhogi Pongal marks the last day of Margazhi and it is also the day when people get rid of their old possessions and celebrate new things. Houses will be cleaned and well painted.


2. The Second day of Pongal will be known as “Surya Pongal” – The second day is the main day of the Pongal and is celebrated as Surya Pongal or Thai Pongal. On this day, the sun God is honored. Colorful decorative floor patterns named kolam are drawn at the entrance of the home.


3. The Third day of Pongal is known as Maatu Pongal. This day is devoted to honor and worship the cattle to remember the works such as plowing the land. Cows are batched and adorned with multi-colored beads, flower garlands, and bells.


4. The Fourth day of Pongal is known as Kaanum Pongal. On this day, families gather together to have a delicious meal. Younger members of the family seek the blessings of the older members of their families. And it is also a day for the Indian traditional folk dances like Mayilaattam, and kolaatam.


The Best Places to Visit During Pongal Holidays in 2022


Visiting the temples in the city of Madurai is the greatest experience during the Pongal holidays despite the crowds.


A special event in Tanjavur is the celebration of Brihadeeshwar Temple’s Maatu Pongal.

Is Pongal only in Tamil Nadu?

Yes, Pongal will be celebrated only in Tamil Nadu. Other states have holidays during this time, whereas the others are not celebrated for harvest reasons. Other parts of India have harvest festivals at different times of the year.

I wish this Pongal connects you to the happiest moments. May you reach new heights at this auspicious time. Wear the most beautiful dresses and treat your taste buds with delicious food and share the happiness of love and joy. Happy Pongal!