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Applications Of Nanotechnology

Introduction To Nanotechnology And Its Advantages

28-03-2020 nanotechnology scope in india

Nanotechnology is defined as the field of study and investigation deals with the building things. A nanometer is defined as the one-billionth of the meter and ten times the diameter of a hydrogen atom. For instance it is compared with the diameter of the human hair is, on average of 80,000 nanometers. At such measuring scales, the common rules of physics and chemistry scales are no longer applied for nanotechnology. Here you can get the complete details about nanotechnology application in medicine, nanotechnology application in physics, nanotechnology application in engineering, nanotechnology application in agriculture, and more.

How this nanotechnology can be applied?

Nanotechnology is provided with the greatest ability to augment the competence of energy consumption, and also it will help to clean the environment. For example, the characteristics of the materials, such as their color, strength, conductivity and reactivity, can vary considerably between the nanoscale and the macroscale. Nanotechnology also paved the way for solving many health related issues.

Nanotechnology in manufacturing production

It can extremely involve in enhancing manufacturing production at considerably cheap costs. Nanotechnology is actually involves in the manufacturing of extremely smaller products and the products of nanotechnology will be much cheaper, lighter yet more functional qualities and need less energy and smaller amount of raw materials to manufacture.

Nanoparticles

Nanotechnology is actually deals with the manufacturing process and also it makes use of materials with nanoscale dimensions in various aspects of life. Because of the nanoscale dimension features, nanoparticles are highly involves in manufacturing process because of the high surface volume ratio and these are having high properties.

Advanced technology

Nanotechnology is a fresh and innovative method and expanding technology. Because of the presence of much advantages, it is highly involves in the development of innovative methods to manufacture new products.

Nanotechnology highly involves in animal, agriculture, medicinal, pharmaceutical science, nutritional applications. In today’s world, there are much more advantages in this nanotechnology to offer excellence in many fields.

Types of Nanotechn0ology

There are two types of nanotechnology. They are as follows.

  • Dry nanotechnology
  • Wet nanotechnology

In this Dry nanotechnology, dry nanotechnology is used for the manufacturing process of coal, silicon, inorganic materials, metals and semiconductors. This wet nanotechnology method is highly based on biological systems available in aqueous environment includes genetic material, membranes, enzymes and some other cellular components.

Examples and applications of nanotechnology

Nanotechnology and nanomaterials will be applied in all kinds of industrial fields. They are usually found below mentioned fields.

Electronic field

Carbon nanotubes are highly functional in the process of replacing silicon as a substance for manufacturing lesser, faster and more proficient microchips and devices, and lighter and highly strongest quantum nanowires.

Energy supply

A semiconductor is created to formulate possible product for manufacturing the solar panels and it doubles the amount of sunlight transformed into electricity. Nanotechnology has its unique advantages such as it has lowers cost, offers stronger and lighter wind turbines, augments fuel efficiency and most importantly the thermal insulation of some nano components could save energy.

Characteristics of graphene

The characteristics of graphene are used to formulate an ideal nano product for the development of flexible touch screens.

Biomedicine

Nanomaterials and its high properties make ideal characteristics for augmenting early diagnosis process and involves in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases or cancer. Nanoparticles are responsible for attacking cancer cells without harming other neighboring healthy cells. Some nanoparticles are used to improve pharmaceutical products.

Environment

nanoparticles involves in the Air purification process with ions, and also in wastewater purification with nanobubbles or nanofiltration systems for heavy metals. Nanoparticles are known for its eco friendly applications. Nanocatalysts are also on hand to make chemical reactions more efficiently with less polluting capacity.

Food and Textile

In this field, nanosensors are also utilized to notice the presence of pathogens in food or nanocomposites to progress food production by rising mechanical and thermal resistance and diminishing oxygen transfer in packaged products. Nanotechnology made it possible for developing smart fabrics which will not strain, strangle, stronger, lighter and more durable materials to make motorcycle helmets or sports equipment.

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